Obukhov

Obuchów (Polish), Обухів – Obukhiv (Ukrainian), Обухов – Obukhov (Russian)

Obukhov is a town in Kiev region. Its population is 33,322 people in 2016. Before the revolution, it was a shtetl in Kiev uyezd of Kiev Gubernia.

I couldn’t find any serious data concerning the history of Obukhov Jews. The materials from articles of local historian was used for this article.

It is not known when Jews first settled in Obukhov.

In the late XIX – early XX century there was a whole Jewish block in the old part of Obukhov. Today it is known as “Center”.

Here Jews owned 72 establishments.

The Jews traded in nearby shtetls such as Germanovka, Tripolie, and Cherniakhov. The Jewish merchants of the second and first guild lived in Obukhov. They owned stalls and shops.

Obukhov entrepreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1913
Obukhov entrepreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1913

In 1913, Obukhov was a center of Obukhov volost with the population of 8,272 people. More than one thousand Jews lived in the shtetl, so there were two synagogues, one Jewish merchant council, and a Jewish savings bank.

Jewish population of Obukhov:
1861 – 432 Jews
1897 – 1140 (13%)
2017 ~ 50 Jews