Annopol

Аннополь – Annopol (Russian), Ганнопіль (Ukrainian)

Annopol (before 1761 – Glinniki), a village in the Slavutsky district, Khmelnitsky region. Settlement mentioned first time in 1602.

Since 1793 became a part of Russia. In the XIX – early XX it was a mestechko in Ostrog yezd, Volyn guberniya. In 1923-1930 Annopol was a center of a district.

Beginning

Jews settled there in the XVII century.

Since the 1770s Annopol played a prominent role in the Hasidism movement. In Annopol lived Dov-ber from Mezerich and his son Avrom “Ha-Malach” (“Angel”) (1741-1776, Fastov), who later became a Tzaddik in Fastov.

In Annopol synagogue, photo by S. An-sky ethnographic expedition in 1910's
In Annopol synagogue, photo by S. An-sky ethnographic expedition in 1910’s

Dov Ber ruled in religious communities of Rivne and Mezhyrich, for which he received a title of Great Magid from Mezhirichi. For further spread of Hasidism to west tzadik Dov Ber chose Hannopil where lived a large Jewish community. He lived here 12 years, died and was buried in a Jewish cemetery.

In Annopol studied Schneur Zalman from Lyadi. After the death of Dov-Ber in Annopol settled his disciple and successor, Meshulam Zusya Annopolsky (? -1800), who did much to spread Hasidism in Volyn. Zusi’s son-Zvi Menachem Mendel (? -1814) was a Tzaddik in Annopol after his father’s death. In the 19th century Jews Annopol involved in wholesale and intermediary trade by agricultural products or were a craftsmen.