Borzna

Borzna is a historic town in northern Ukraine. It is the administrative center of the Borzna district in the Chernihiv region. The estimated population of the town is around 10,640 (as of 2011).

Beginning

The local Jewish community in Borzna was destroyed in 1648 and Jews did not resume living there until the mid-18th century. In 1736, there lived 3 Jewsih families. Thereafter, the local Jewish community grew rapidly, reaching its peak at the end of the 19th century. In 1881 a pogrom took place in Borzna

Borzna enterpreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1903
Borzna enterpreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1903

In 1863, a synagogue operated in the town. The most common occupations among Jews were garment manufacturing and trade. Many Jews of Borzna were skilled tailors. In 1881 a pogrom took place in Borzna.
In the 1890s, the rabbi in Borzna was Itshok-Dovid Vidrevich (1861 -?). In 1909, a society of assistance to poor Jews was established and in the following year, the Borzna Jewish community owned a cemetery.

Civil War

The first wave of pogroms in Borzna were organised by the Red Army in Summer 1919.
During the pogrom of August 25, 1919 two Jews were killed by Denikin’s soldiers. During the numerous pogroms organised by the Volounteer Army in September were more than twenty Jews were killed and the synagogue was destroyed.