Khotin

Khotin is a district town in the Chernivtsi region, Ukraine.

It was founded in the X century in Kievan Rus. Since the second part of the XIV century, it was part of the Moldavian principality. It was also under the power of Poland. Since 1711 it has been under the influence of Turkey. According to the Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812 Khotin together with Bessarabia was incorporated into Russia. In 1918 it was annexed Romania. By 1940 the Soviet Union annexed the territories of Moldova including Khotin. By 1963 Khotin had been a district center of Chernivtsi region, USSR.

Much more information about Jewish life in Khotin can be found in Khotin Yizkor book.

Beginning

A Jewish population first appeared in Khotin in the late XIV – early XV centuries. In the XV and XVI centuries, Jewish merchants passed through Khotin which was an important trading post on the road from Turkey to Poland. They paid some customs fees and took part in fairs in Khotin.

PreRevolution view of Khotin
PreRevolution view of Khotin

Jewish population of Khotin:
1897 – 9291 (50%)
1910 – 9132 (43,2%)
1930 – 582 (14%)
1939 – 5785 (37%)
2009 – 29Jews
2011 – 15 Jews
2017 ~ 5