Luben (Yiddish), Łubnie, Lubin, Łubny (Polish)

Lubny is a city in the Poltava Oblast of central Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of the Lubensky Raion (district), the city itself is also designated as a separate raion within the oblast. The current estimated population is around 52,600 (as of 1999).


Jews settled in Lubny in the first half of the 17th century, under the auspices of the important Vishnievietski family.

Jews defended the town during the Pavliuk uprising (1637–38), and 200 of them were killed during the Chmielnicki massacres of 1648–49, rabbi was burned alive.

The Jews appeared again in Lubny at the end of the 18th century. In 1865 there were 2 synagogues.

PreRevolution Lubny
PreRevolution Lubny

From 361 in 1847, their numbers increased to 3,006 (30% of the total population) in 1897.

The writer Shalom Aleichem served there as state rabbi in 1880–83 and Mair Shapiro in the end of 19th century. After his death state rabbi became his son.

In the 1881 riots some Jewish homes and stores were robbed. In the beginning of the 20th century there was a talmud torah, 5 synagogues, library, bank and jewish cemetery. In 1913 Jews owned two pharmacies, all 7 warehouses pharmaceutical goods, bakery and bath. five hotels, two laundry rooms, three hair salons, more than 90 shops and stores (including all three jewelry and all three pubs). Among the Jews there were 7 tailors and jeweler (one in Lubny). Shimon-Moishe Diskin (1872–1930) was a rabbi between 1904 and 22.