Oster

Oster (German), Ostor (Yiddish), Ostr (Polish), Остер (Ukrainian), Остер – Oster (Russian), Старогородка – Starogorodka (Old Name)

Oster is a historic town located in Kozelets district of Chernihiv region in northern Ukraine. Kozelets is located on the Desna River. The city’s estimated population is 6335 (as of 2011).

Oster became a part of the Russian Empire in 1667, in XIX – beginning of XX century it was center of Oster Yezd of Chernigov Gubernia.

Jews have lived in Oster since the 18th century.

In 1862, there was a wooden synagogue in Oster; in 1867 – two synagogues; in 1886 – four synagogues, of which two were of stone and two of wood.

Jewish population of Oster:
1847 – 633 jews
1897 – 1596 (29%)
1910 – 1582 jews
1920 – 1523 jews
1926 – 1267 (18,5%)
1939 – 841 (13,3%)

The business directory of 1903 lists few names of Jewish entrepreneurs in Oster:
Grocery stores: Kopelev Mordko Moiseevich
Haberdashery: Lipnitskiy Berko Abramovich, Galperin Pinhus Yank., Galperin Risa Boris., Galperin Sam. Udk., Galperin Shlema Udk.
Tin: Brusilovskiy Nison Gersh., Mirenskiy Avr. Boruh., Hizhnaya A. Abr.
Timber store: Zabolotniy Moses Nikit.
Flour: Levin Ios. Yank.
Tableware: Freidin Shapsh. Leiz.

Airfield nowadays