Boyarka

Boyarka is a town located in Lisyanka district of Cherkassy region of central Ukraine. Boyarka is located on the Gniliy Tikich River, a tributary of the South Bug. The town’s estimated population is 654 (as of 2009).

Before the Revolution it was a shtetl of Zvenigorodka yezd, Kiev guberniya.

Boyarka is approx. 32 km from Korsun and in 160 km from Kiev.

Beginning

The first evidence of the Jewish community of Boyarka, dating back to the early XVII century, was found in the Kiev Regional Archive. In 1625, three Jewish families were mentioned in the tax records of Boyarka town.

According to the census of 1765, 13 Jewish families were resident in Boyarka. In 1768, as a result of the Haydamaks’ uprising, the number of Jews was down to seven families. Others must have moved to safer locations. The Jewish community in Boyarka underwent a boost in the XIX century.

Jewish population of Boyarka:
1625 – 3 families
1765 – 13 families
1847 – 497 Jews
1897 – 720 (40%)
1923 – 106 Jews
1926 – 53 Jews

In 1837, a European community was formed with Kagan Leyba the chairman, Avraam Skliarskyy the treasurer and Chaim Sokolov the rabbi. In 1847, 497 Jews lived in Boyarka. In 1863, the Boyarka Jewish community constructed a synagogue, now housing the local House of Culture.

Monument to Shalom-Aleichem in village of Sofiyka (11 kilometers from Boyarka)