Moshny

Moshny is a village of Cherkassy district, Cherkassy region. Its population was 4,799 people in 2001.

In the early ХХ century it was a shtetl of the Cherkassy uyezd, Kiev gubernia.

Moshny is situated sixteen miles west-northwest of Cherkasy, a short distance north of the Vilshanka River, and about five miles southwest of the Dnieper River.

Moshny was granted Magdeburg rights in 1592.

The Moshny Jewish community was primarily a Hasidic community. Its population in the late eighteenth century was a mere one-hundred-thirty.
There were several tragedies, not unique to a Ukrainian Jewish shtetl, that befell the Moshny Jews.

A fire in 1881 destroyed sixty Jewish homes.

In the early ХХ century, there were three synagogues and a Jewish cemetery in the village. We know where two of the synagogues were situated.

PreRevolution photo of market square in Moshny
PreRevolution photo of market square in Moshny

Before the Revolution a Jew named Lakhman had organized production of resin in the village. The locals still call this area “Lakhman”.

Jewish population of Moshny:
1897 – 1022 (13%)
1926 – 68

According to information from local historians there was a big tavern in the center of the village. Its owner helped more than 100 Jewish families immigrate to the USA.