Pokotilovo

Pokotilovo is a village in the Novoarkhangelsk district of the Kirovograd region in the Ukraine. In the XIX and XX centuries, however, it was considered a shtetl in the Uman Uyezd, and part of Kiev province.

Beginning

According to historians, the first Jews settled in Pokotilovo in the XVIII century. By 1897, more than half of its residents were Jewish.

Reports differ on the number of synagogues or prayer houses that existed during the XIX century. Some say two; others report three. The number appears to be dependent on what constituted a synagogue and how stable and prosperous the community was at any given time.

One historian identified a rabbi by the name of Khaim (or perhaps Chaim) Goldstein (1845-?) in 1866. Another identified Matvey Leonovich Galperin as a state rabbi in the 1900’s.

Pokotilovo entrepreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1913
Pokotilovo entrepreneurs list from Russian Empire Business Directories by 1913

From the memories of Michael Stiefel (1871-1954):

My father had had several businesses. He bought and sold oxen and also operated a distillery. During the summer months they would pasture the oxen on the steppes and during winter they would keep them near the distillery. During the sultry hot weather these oxen would be sent from the steppes to the markets of the larger cities where they would be sold. Then, during Spring, the winter oxen would be shipped to market. In addition to these, my father also held the concession leased out by the lord manor of the province of Pokotilov.