Tarashcha

Tarashcha is a city located in Kiev region, center of Tarashcha district. The city’s estimated population is 13,307 (as of 2001).

In XIX – beginning of XX century it was the center of Tarashcha Yezd (county) of Kiev Gubernia.

Holocaust information was provided by local historial Leonid Lashenko.
Much more information can be found in Yiddish book “Tarashcha, a History of a Small Shtetl in Kiev Guberniya”. It was published in USA, 1930’s.

Local historian Leonid Lashchenko, who provided much information for this article
Local historian Leonid Lashchenko, who provided much information for this article

Beginning

A Jewish community has existed in Tarashcha since the mid-XVIII century.

In 1722, Tarashcha received a status of a shtetl. In 1765, 134 Jews lived in Tarashcha. According to the lustration of 1789, the Jews owned 31 houses in the market and 41 houses in the side streets.

By the early XIX century, more than 5,300 Jews lived in Tarashcha. Jews constituted 46% of the total population. Leontiy Pokhilevich in his book “Tales of the inhabited areas of Kiev province” says that 3,580 Christians, 3,670 Jews lived in the shtetl in 1864. There were three merchants of the third guild among the Christians and 18 among the Jews.