Konela

Koneła (Polish), Конела – Konela (Ukrainian, Russian)

Konela is a village located in the Cherkassy region of central Ukraine and a part of Zhashkov district. The village’s estimated population is 601 (as of 2001).

Konela is approx. 20 km from Zhashkov, 5 km from Sokolovka and 44 km from Uman. In XIX – beginning of XX century Konela was a shtetl of Lipovets Yezd of Kiev Gubernia.

A Jewish community existed in Konela from the beginning of the XIX century.

Jewish population of Konela:
1847 – 445 Jews
1897 – 744 (36,2%)
1923 – 225
1930’s ~ 100 Jews
1995 – 1
1996 – 0

According to Pokhilevich (needs reference) in the mid-19th century, the population of Konela included 822 Orthodox Christians, 76 Roman Catholics, and 1,360 Jews. This contradicts with the data from the Russian Jewish Encyclopedia which states that in 1847 445 Jews lived in Konela.

In the second half of the 19th century, there were two synagogues (1865). The key Jewish occupations of the village were crafts and trade.

Konela panorana by Leon Vichylkovskiy, 1911
Konela panorama by Leon Vichylkovskiy, 1911

In 1914, the Jews owned two pharmacies, two lumberyards, several mills and nine stores.